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How to increase productivity and farmers income in India?

1.“Govt of India” should help “Farmers” those who had combined their land, by publishing “EOI (Expression of Interest” document for receiving “Proposals” or through “Auction Process”, to offer this single piece of land having a area of min 100 acres and above to a appropriate “Project SPV (Special Purpose Vehicle) Companies” interested in developing “Solar_Agro Projects” on it and ready to offer maximum benefit to farmers

2.The selected “Project SPV Companies” should pay min Rs 1,00,000/- per acre per year to the farmers for offering his land for setting up “Solar_Agro Project”

3.“Project SPV Companies” should give preference to the farmers and/or members of the farmer’s family to work in “Solar_Agro Projects” on a salary basis and/or profit sharing basis by implementing ESOP (Employee Stock Option Plan)

4.“Govt of India” should allow a number of “Project SPV Companies” to join hand together and create common “Online and/or Offline Channel” having all the required “Post Harvest Infrastructure” to take “farm product” from “Solar_Agro Project” to “End Consumer”

There are many best agriculture practices which increase productivity and farmers income:-

Soil preparation. Before raising a crop, the soil in which it is to be grown is prepared by plowing, leveling, and manuring.
Sowing. Selection of seeds of good quality crop strains is the primary stage of sowing. ...
1.Manuring.
2. Weeding.
3.Harvesting. 
4.Storage and Rotating crops and embracing diversity.
5. Planting cover crops.
6. Reducing or eliminating tillage.
7. Planting cover crops.
8. Managing whole systems and landscapes.

These plants thrive in a greenhouse environment, and they are some of the most profitable crops you can grow.
Tomatoes. The most common greenhouse crop, tomatoes can also be quite prolific and, thus, profitable. 
Lettuce.
Peppers.
Cucumbers.
Spinach.
Herbs.
Strawberries.
 
Large Scale Production:- When more units of a good or service can be produced on a larger scale, with less input costs per unit of output produced, economies of scale (ES) are said to be achieved. Alternatively, this means that as a company grows and production units increase, a company will have a better chance to decrease its cost.

advantage of Large-Scale Production:
The modern factory system, with its extensive use of machinery and division of labour, is responsible for large-scale production.

(i) The economy of Specialized and Up-to-date Machinery:

There is a large scope for the use of machinery which results in lower costs. A large producer can install up-to-date and expensive machinery. He can also have his own repairing arrangement. Specialized machinery can be employed for each job. The result is that production is very economical. A small producer with a small market cannot keep the machinery continuously working. Keeping it idle is uneconomical. A large producer can work it continuously and reap the resulting economies.

(ii) The economy of Labour:
In a big concern, there is ample scope for division of labor. Specialized labor produces a larger output and of better quality. It is only in a large business that every person can be put on the job that he can best perform. The large-scale producer thus gets the best out of every person he employs

(iii) Economies of Bulk buying and selling:
While purchasing raw material and other accessories, a big business can secure especially favorable terms on account of its large custom. Whine selling its goods, it can attract customers by producing a greater variety and by ensuring prompt execution of orders. Even a small rate of profit results in larger sales and higher net profits in a large-scale business.

Artificial Intelligence:
Artificial Intelligence is emerging as part of the solutions towards improved agricultural productivity. Artificial Intelligence has various application in agriculture ranging from rural automatons, computerized water system frameworks and driverless tractors. These applications are done in relationship with an alternate sort of sensors, GPS frameworks, radars. Thesebroad applications, AI is getting a colossal reaction from investors all around. Man-made reasoning (AI) is one such critical innovation in the present advanced agriculture that is being actualized and conveyed for more sustainable utilization of available assets. Discover the current Artificial intelligence applications in the Indian agricultural market, including Crop and Soil Monitoring, Predictive Agricultural Analytics.

United States is the largest consumption countries of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Agriculture in the world in the past few years and it will keep leader position in the next few years. United States market took up about 42.96% the global market in 2017, while Europe was about 22.67%.

IoT solutions can help increase crop yields and overall efficiency in the AgriTech industry. By using various smart agriculture gadgets, farmers have gained better control over the process of raising livestock and growing crops, making it more predictable and efficient.

How is IoT used in agriculture:-
In IoT-based smart farming, a system is built for monitoring the crop field with the help of sensors (light, humidity, temperature, soil moisture, etc.) and automating the irrigation system. The farmers can monitor the field conditions from anywhere.
We've seen several great uses for agriculture IoT in this space:
1. Sensing for soil moisture and nutrients.
2. Controlling water usage for optimal plant growth.
4. Determining custom fertilizer profiles based on soil chemistry.
5. Determining the optimal time to plant and harvest.
6. Reporting weather condition.
 
Automation:-
In the face of labour shortages, farmers are turning to technology to make farms more efficient and automate the crop production cycle. A growing cohort of companies are working on agricultural robotics to build autonomous tractors, combines, and even fruit and vegetable picking robots. Replacing human labor with automation is a growing trend across multiple industries, and agriculture is no exception.

Value-added products are defined as follows: A change in the physical state or form of the product (such as milling wheat into flour or making strawberries into jam). The production of a product in a manner that enhances its value, as demonstrated through a business plan.

Examples include processing wheat into flour, corn into ethanol, slaughtering livestock or poultry, or slicing tomatoes. A product produced in a manner that enhances its value, as demonstrated through a business plan. An example is organically produced products.

Agriculture consulting group:-IACG is a leading agribusiness consulting group formed with the mandate for agriculture projects consulting, research, trade, technology and investments.

It depends on what you want to do, what is your background in farming, how much area you want to farm, what crops you wish to grow, how to manage and grow the crops, how to buy and manage all the inputs, how to mechanize your farm, how to manage the labor, how to harvest and process the produce, how to add value to your products, and how to market your produce, how to manage (recycle) your wastes, and so on. You have to also assess the impact of your farm on the environment (environment assessment) and the socio-economic conditions of the local community. Both technical plans to develop the farm and the financial plan detailing investment need, sources of funding, returns of investment, payback period, etc. have to be worked out. Staff recruitment and training plan have to be developed.

Either you can take a short training course on farming from any agricultural university in your area, or you can engage a consultant (preferably from your area) to prepare the project plan and work with him or her to establish and run the farm. The consultant can visit your farm at pre-determined intervals and provide you assistance in running your farm. With yourself gaining more and more experience in running your farm, the consultant visits can be reduced to one or two visits each season. If you need help please let me know to prepare the plan.

Although farming in India is traditionally branded as a profession of illiterates, actually it is not and it is the science of growing crops.It is all about learning art of production. In simple terms, just learn five things ..PH of soil and water, EC of soil and water and fertigation and disease management

If you carry on farming based on the advice of consultants, you would surely not make profit or loss. But if you develop your own expertise, you will not only make a profit but would also build the superstructure. Maybe you would strike gold. But risk and rewards go together. Farming in modern times is the biggest gamble game. sue to climate change.

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