Important Modi Schemes & Programmes in Agriculture & Irrigation

1. Soil Health Card Scheme

Launched in 2015, the scheme has been introduced to assist State Governments to issue Soil Health Cards to all farmers in the country.? The Soil Health Cards provide information to farmers on nutrient status of their soil along with recommendation on appropriate dosage of nutrients to be applied for improving soil health and its fertility. 

2. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

NMSA is one of the eight Missions under National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). It aims at promoting Sustainable Agriculture through climate change adaptation measures, enhancing agriculture productivity especially in rainfed areas focusing on integrated farming, soil health management, and synergizing resource conservation.

  There are so many Schemes under NMSA:-

  1. Rainfed Area Development (RAD): RAD is being implemented by RFS Division.

  2. Soil Health Management (SHM): SHM is being implemented by INM Division

  3.Sub Mission on Agro Forestry (SMAF): SMAF is being implemented by NRM Division

  4.Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY): PKVY is being implemented by INM Division

  5.Soil and Land Use Survey of India (SLUSI): Being implemented by RFS Division.

3. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)

It was launched on 1st July, 2015 with the motto of ‘Har Khet Ko Paani’ for providing end-to end solutions in irrigation supply chain, viz. water sources, distribution network and farm level applications. 

PMKSY not only focuses on creating sources for assured irrigation, but also creating protective irrigation by using rain water at micro level through ‘Jal Sanchay’ and ‘Jal Sinchan’.

4. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)

It is implemented with a view to promote organic farming in the country.?To improve soil health and organic matter content and increase net income of the farmer so as to realise premium prices.  Under this scheme, an area of 5 lakh acre is targeted to be covered though 10,000 clusters of 50 acre each, from the year 2015-16 to 2017-18.

National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) 

It provides e-marketing platform at national level and support creation of infrastructure to enable e-marketing 

5.Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY

Provide insurance cover to rabi and kharif crops and financial support to farmers in case of damage of crops.?In order to make crop insurance simpler and cheaper for the farmers and to provide them with betterinsurance services, a Central Sector Scheme of  Pradhan  Mantri  Fasal  Bima  Yojana  (PMFSY)  was  launched  by  the Government of India replacing NAIS and MNAIS.?Under the new scheme, farmers will have to pay a uniform premium of 2.0per cent for all kharif crops and 1.5 per cent for all rabi crops.?The  scheme  will  be  implemented  from  the  kharif  season  this  year,  i.e.

The  scheme  will  be  implemented  from  the  kharif  season  this  year,  i.e. 2016.

6. Micro Irrigation Fund (MIF) 

A dedicated MIF created with NABARD has been approved with an initial corpus of Rs. 5000 crore (Rs. 2000 crore for 2018-19 & Rs. 3000 crore for 2019-20) for encouraging public and private investments in Micro irrigation. The main objective of the fund is to facilitate the States in mobilizing the resources for expanding coverage of Micro Irrigation.

7.Soil health card scheme-:

To help farmers to improve productivity from their farms by letting them know about nutrient/fertilizer requirements for their farms.?The soil health card studies and reviews the health of soil or rather we can  say  a  complete  evaluation  of  the  quality  of  soil  right  from  its functional  characteristics,  to  water  and  nutrients  content  and  other biological properties. It will also contain corrective measures that a farmer should adopt to obtain a better yield.

 8.Agriculture Contingency Plan 

Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), ICAR has prepared district level Agriculture Contingency Plans in collaboration with state agricultural universities using a standard template to tackle aberrant monsoon situations leading to drought and floods, extreme events (heat waves, cold waves, frost, hailstorms, cyclone) adversely affecting crops, livestock and fisheries (including horticulture).

The Government of India schemes are broadly of two types from the point of view of extent implementation.For Entire Country: Such schemes include Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (subject to qualifying criteria for the States), National e-Governance Plan-Agriculture, National Mission on Agricultural Extension & Technology etc.  Under  such  nation-wide  schemes,  the  State  Governments  select  farmers  as  per  the  Operational Guidelines within the allocated funds and disburse financial assistance such benificial.  

For Specific Areas/Crops/Districts: All other schemes fall in this category. These include National Food Security Mission, Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), National Mission on Oilseeds and  Oil  Palm  (NMOOP),  Cotton  Technology  Mission,  Jute  and  Mesta  Technology  and  Bringing  Green Eastern India.

 SoilHealth, SoilConservationandFertilizers:-

Always use appropriate fertilizer in right quantity based on soil test.· Must use organic manures to maintain the fertility of soil.· To  get maximum benefit of the fertilizers, always apply in root zone instead of broadcasting.· Resort to judicious and efficient use of Phosphatic Fertilizers for  proper  development  of  roots/shoots  and  timely  maturity  of  crops, particularly the legumes which fix atmospheric Nitrogen for enrichment of soil.· For reclaiming acidic soil, use lime and for saline/usar soil, use gypsum.· Farmers desirous of adopting Participatory Organic Guarantee System (PGS – India) Certification system may form a group of at least 5 farmers and get it registered with the nearest Regional Council or Regional Centre of Organic Farmin.

 Seeds:-Always use recommended variety of seeds as per local climate  and  adopt  recommended  seed  rate  and  other  package of practices.· Replace seeds of wheat, paddy, barley, pulses (except arhar),  oilseeds  (except  rapeseed,  mustard  and sunflower) once in  three years, seeds of maize, bajra, jowar, arhar, rapeseed, mustard and sunflower once in two years and hybrid/Bt seeds every year.· Always procure certified seeds from authorized agencies and store the seeds in a cool, dry and clean place.· Always use treated seeds for sowing and test for quality parameters like purity, germination, free from weed seed etc., before sowi.

Training and extensions of farmers:-

25,000   functionaries   dedicated   for   agricultural   extension   are being provided at the Block level and below, under the Extension Reforms scheme being implemented through ATMA. Contact them or any other functionary of the State Government in Agriculture and allied departments to get answers for your queries,  information  about  any  Programme  /  Scheme  and appropriate technologies for the area or individual farmer.· Set up or participate in Farm School or Demonstration Plot.· Get  exact  information  from  the  web  and  get  your  farm  registered through hand-held device. · Tune  in  to  agriculture  related  programmes  on  Doordarshan  (18 Regional, 1 National, 180 Low Power transmitters), FM Radio Stations (96) or even some private channels to get latest knowledge and information.

 Mechanization and Technology:-

 Procure appropriate machinery/ equipment as per land holding size and crop · Machinery & equipment can be used by Custom Hiring/ sharing by groups of farmer

 Agricultural Credit:- 

To  save  themselves  from  the  clutches  of  money  lenders, farmers can avail loan facility from banks.· Loan  facility  is  available  through  a  large  network of  Commercial  Banks,  Regional  Rural  Banks  and Cooperative Credit Institutions in the country to fulfill the crop loan and term loan needs of the farmers.· Ensure timely repayment of bank loan.

agricultural insurance:-

Safeguard  yourself  financially  against  non-preventable natural risks like natural disasters/calamities, insect, pests & diseases and adverse weather conditions.· Take  benefit  of  appropriate  crop  insurance  scheme applicable in your area. National Crop Insurance Programme (NCIP)  with  three  components  namely  Modified  National Agricultural  Insurance  Scheme  (MNAIS),  Weather  Based Crop  Insurance  Scheme  (WBCIS)  and  Coconut  Palm Insurance  Scheme  (CPIS)  are  being  implemented  in  the country. AgriculturalInsurance:-

Plant Protection:- Bio-pesticides  should  be  given  priority  over  chemical pesticides.· Pest Defender ratio to be assessed by farmers before using any pesticide. Agro Eco System Analysis (AESA) based Integrated Pest Management should be adopted.· Grow such crops surrounding/near the main crop (inter cropping/border cropping) which attract farmer friendly insects which can manage/kill harmful insects.

Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP) –: a certificate savings scheme was launched by the Government on 1st April, 1988. The scheme provided facility of unlimited investment by way of purchase of certificates from post offices in various denominations. The maturity period of the scheme when launched was 5 ½ years and the money invested doubled on maturity.The scheme was very popular among the investors and the percentage share of gross collections secured in KVP was in the range of 9 % to 29 % against the total collections received under all National Savings Schemes in the country. 

1.Krishi Amdani Beema Yojana

    To give an impetus to the dying agricultural practice

    There is 14 crore hectares of agricultural land in India, of which only 44 per cent in under irrigation

    Pradhan Mantri Gram Sinchai Yojana would be introduced so that more agricultural land is irrigated.

    Talking about the plight of small and marginal farmers he said that most of them were leaving the agricultural practice because of the uncertainty over the produce and returns.

    Krishi Amdani Beema Yojana so that the farmers don’t bear any financial burden if their produce gets destroyed due to unexpected weather or for any other reason.

2.Pradhan Mantri Gram Sinchai Yojana 

 ensure water supply to farmers round the year.

 basic contours of the agri-irrigation programme would be on lines of the PMGSY, under which each irrigation project would be selected for releasing funds by the state government after seeking nod of the concerned Zilla Parishad.

 importance in the wake of poor implementation of various irrigation projects in some states despite release of central funds by different ministries under various schmes for several years.

 Besides, water is necessary for farmers as country’s 50 per cent of the agriculture land is rainfed.

3.Pradhan Mantri Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana

The Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana was launched last week, for the development of model villages.  Under the Yojana, Members of Parliament (MPs) will be responsible for developing the socio-economic and physical infrastructure of three villages each by 2019, and a total of eight villages each by 2024.