Pardhan mantri krishi sinchai yojna
Irrigating the field of every farmer and improving water use efficiency to provide ‘Per Drop More Crop’.The scheme aim to attract investments in irrigation system at field level, develop and expand cultivable land in the country, enhance ranch water use in order to minimize wastage of water, enhance crop per drop by implementing water-saving technologies and precision irrigation.All the States and Union Territories including North Eastern States are covered under the programme.The government has approved Rs.50, 000crore for the implementation of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana fornext 5 years, i.e. up to 2020.
Farmers’ SchoolPlans based on agro-climatic conditions and sources of availability of water.To promote extension activities related to on-farm water management and crop alignment for farmers and grass root level field functionaries.
To implement the programme, Rs. 5,300 crore has been allocated in the budget of 2015-16 to the Ministry of Water Resources, Department of Land Resources and Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.
The modalities for operationalising the programme is being worked out:-
Machinery and Tools:-Availability of agricultural machinery in the past have been a big constraint. The Government of India has released a subsidy for the establishment of 988 Farm Machinery Banks during 2014-15 under Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation. This will facilitate easy availability of farm machainery and tools to farmers
The main motive of PMKSY will be :-
1. To Enhance the physical access of water on the farm and expand
cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har khet ko pani).
2. To Improve farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage and increase
availability both in duration and extent.
3. To Enhance the adoption of accuracy irrigation and other water saving
technologies More crop per drop.
4. To integration of water source distribution and its efficient use to make best
use of water through appropriate technologies and practices.
5. To achieve convergence of investment in irrigation at the field level.
To achieve above objectives , Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sichayee Yojana
will focusing on end to end solution in irrigation supply
Water sources ,distribution retwork, ,efficient farm level applications, extension
services on new technologies and information etc. Broadly ,PMKSY will focus
1. creation of new water sources ,Repair Secondary
and micro storage , Ground water development ,enhancing potentials of
traditional water bodies at village level like pokhara pond etc.
2. Development of distribution network where irrigation sources are available.
3. Promotion of scientific moisture conservation and run off control measures
to improve ground water recharge so as to create opportunities for farmer to
access recharged water through shallow tube/dug wells.
D.Soil Health Card Scheme:-
Farming as an activity contributes nearly 1/6th of our Gross Domestic Product and a majority of our population is dependent on it for their livelihood. Deteriorating soil health has been a cause of concern and that has been leading to sub optimal utilization of farming resources.
Soil health needs to be assessed at regular intervals so as to ensure that farmers apply the required nutrients while taking advantages of the nutrients already present in the soil.
Government has launched a scheme to provide every farmer a Soil Health Card in a Mission mode. The card will carry crop wise recommendations of nutrients/fertilizers required for farms, making it possible for farmers to improve productivity by using appropriate inputs.
Central Government provides assistance to State Governments for setting up Soil Testing Laboratories for issuing Soil Health Cards to farmers. State Governments have adopted innovative practices like involvement of agricultural students, NGOs and private sector in soil testing, determining average soil health of villages, etc., to issue Soil Health Cards.
A Soil Health Card is used to assess the current status of soil health and, when used over time, to determine changes in soil health that are affected by land management. A Soil Health Card displays soil health indicators and associated descriptive terms.
The scheme will provide all 145 million farm owners in the country with a soil health card in the next three years.
The budget allotted Rs.100 crore for issuing cards and an additional Rs.56 crore to set up 100 mobile soil testing laboratories across the country.
The soil health card details existing nutrient status of the soil and crop-wise recommendations of nutrients and fertilizers required, making it easier for farmers
to improve productivity by appropriate inputs.
Applying fertilizer and best quality seeds and water is not enough. Farmers should nurture their soil and know what inputs to use and in what quantities, Modi said while launching the scheme. Starting soil health laboratories could be an employment avenue for rural youth. In Gujarat where every farmer has a soil health card unnecessary expenses on inputs have come down and farmers have saved a lot of money.
Areas where rain not come regularly or when growing water-hungry crop, farmers are forced to get new things. Irrigation uses groundwater, surface water, and water delivered directly to farms to hydrate thirsty plants.
So the new techniques of irrigation are developed:-
DRIP IRRIGATION: WATER TO THE ROOTS
One method to getting plants the moisture they need is by sending water directly to the roots with a drip irrigation system or a subsurface drip irrigation system. A drip system is made up of hoses with holes throughout that pump water directly to plant roots within the soil.
FERTIGATION AND CHEMIGATION:
Irrigation systems are more than just water-delivery systems for plants. The advanced systems can also be a critical tool in farmers’ nutrient management plans. Fertigation injects fertilizers, soil and water soluble products into an irrigation system while chemigation injects chemicals.
CENTER PIVOT IRRIGATION:
This method of irrigating involves long steel arms and sprinkler nozzles and pivots, usually electrically, around a center base to reach the entire field. In southwestern Kansas, farmers are getting innovative with their pivots to help reduce water usage without cutting yields to help the Ogallala Aquifer.